Dispatchable Renewable Fuels in the United States - INNIO Jenbacher Power Generation Solutions with Hydrogen and other e-fuels
Sponsored by: INNIO Jenbacher and Northeast – Western Energy Systems
Date: 21 October
Time: 6PM BST/10AM California/1PM New York
Partnering with INNIO and NES-WES for green and flexible distributed power
Join INNIO Jenbacher and Northeast-Western Energy Systems for a free webinar on the future of renewable fuels for power generation in the United States
States, cities and businesses across the United States are searching for ways to reduce the carbon intensity of their electricity supply. It is a transition that is centred on the transformation from a largely fossil-based to a low or zero-carbon energy system. But maintaining a stable and steady electricity supply requires a flexible solutions to balance supply and demand in real-time. The use for dispatchable gas-fired plants running on renewable fuels, or e-fuels, such as biogas, landfill gas, syngas or hydrogen can be an innovative and effective tool in helping to reduce the carbon intensity of the electricity supply in the United States. INNIO Jenbacher and Northeast-Western Energy Systems have developed the technologies, capabilities and experience of using a variety of e-fuels and now are seeking engineers, developers and end users that are interesting developing demonstration projects in the 500 kW to 5 MW size range in the United States that can run on hydrogen.
INNIO Jenbacher is well positioned as a thought leader on e-fuels:
- About 6,000 INNIO Jenbacher gas engines are running on biogas and biomethane
- Hydrogen, green synthetic methane and methanol are the future fuels for gas engines
- Gas engines are an excellent technology for natural gas as well as for 100% renewable fuels
Together with our distributor Northeast-Western Energy Systems (NES-WES) , we have achieved many firsts for our customers in the United States. For example:
- The Pittsburgh International Airport will be the first major airport to run on a microgrid powered by Jenbacher engines
- Hudson Yards in NYC – the largest private real estate development in the history of the United States - uses 4 J620 Jenbacher gas engines to provide heat and power while decreasing costs and providing resiliency
- Houwelings greenhouse in California was one of the first greenhouses in the United States to capture the CO2 from the Jenbacher exhaust and use it to help with fertilization of tomatoes
- The TWA Hotel at JFK Airport is one of the first major hotels in a metro area to complete disconnect with the local electrical grid and is now producing 100% of their electrical power onsite with Jenbacher engines coupled with lithium ion batteries
Now it is time to implement another first. INNIO Jenbacher and NES-WES have the experience, the technology and the entrepreneurial drive to develop distributed power projects in the United States that utilize hydrogen as the primary fuel. We are actively looking for development partners who share this desire to develop and build hydrogen-based power generation projects in the United States. Will you partner with us to make this happen today?
What has been achieved so far:
Highly efficient cogeneration of power and heat or chilling is the typical application for gas engine solutions provided by INNIO Jenbacher.
More than 80% of the 12,000-plus installed Jenbacher gas engines are running as CHP application. A gas engine CHP system typically use about 30% less primary energy compared to the separate generation of power and heat and can reduce specific carbon emissions by about 50% replacing the heat provided by a gas boiler.
Most of the newer CHP installations are combined with a heat storage, which allows decoupling of power and heat supply, while still achieving highest fuel utilization. The gas engines run mainly when wind and solar are less available or electricity demand is high. This makes gas engines CHP power plants a very flexible and highly efficient power generation solution that complements the volatile RES.
Biogas and biomethane are the most common carbon neutral gases used for gas engines.
INNIO Jenbacher alone has about 6,000 biogas engines installed that are converting raw biogas and biomethane into electricity and heat. Biogas is one of the most common dispatchable and reliable renewable energy source, and at the same time it can be used for distributed power and heat generation at the point of use.
INNIO’s mature and efficient gas engine technology can be used for continuous or flexible operation with raw biogas from crops, agricultural and municipal waste, landfill or sewage sludge.
Biomethane is upgraded raw biogas with natural gas pipeline quality. It can be injected into the natural gas system without limitations and is therefore an ideal fuel for gas engines and any other end consumer of gas. As biomethane is injected to the gas network it can participate from the existing gas storage system and can therefore be considered as a renewable energy storage.
What are the green fuels of the future?
Green synthetic methane as the ideal addition and replacement for natural gas.
Synthetic methane is produced with methanation from green hydrogen. Because it has the same physical properties as natural gas, it can be injected into the natural gas system without limitations and modifications on the gas infrastructure. All end consumers of gas, including gas engines can continue to run reliably with current optimized performance and emission standards.
Green methanol as a carbon-neutral fuel for gas engines.
Like synthetic methane, methanol is produced from green or blue hydrogen. Methanol is widely used as a chemical base product; it is liquid and has the advantage of being easily storable and transportable. Apart from its use in stationary engines, it can be used for land or sea transport, and it is a perfect alternative for areas without a connection to the gas grid. Islands, microgrids or remote areas that today rely on diesel or heavy fuel easily could be transitioned to methanol.
Gas engines could run on methanol with some modifications, and the same infrastructure could be used without major changes. The switch from heavy fuel and diesel to a carbon neutral solution with methanol is a very promising alternative for many remote areas around the world.
Green hydrogen as a carbon-free fuel.
Hydrogen can play an important role in replacing natural gas. It is basically carbon free and can be used as a fuel for gas engines. Over the next decades, the further growth of wind farms and PV installations could provide green hydrogen via power-to-gas. Although different than natural gas, hydrogen can be transported via pipelines and tanks, and to some extent existing natural gas infrastructure could be used. Finally, hydrogen can be used in different sectors like the industry, heating, transportation and power generation.
INNIO Jenbacher has been operating gas engines with high hydrogen content for many years. Steel gases and synthetic gases with high hydrogen content of up to 60%(v) are in operation. Newer projects use local hydrogen blending to natural gas up to 60%(v). There is high flexibility in admixing hydrogen to natural gas fuel for Jenbacher gas engines. In the future gas engines will run on 100% hydrogen. By 2021 the first Jenbacher gas engine running on 100% hydrogen should be available.
Hydrogen also could be injected into natural gas pipelines. In this case it is essential to have the information about hydrogen content available to the end consumer running the gas engines. INNIO Jenbacher recommends having a signal about hydrogen content in pipeline gas available, especially if it reaches a content above 5%(v).
What is important to know:
About retrofits for changing from natural gas to
• Biomethane or green synthetic methane … no retrofits required
• Green methanol … field upgrades required and will be available when needed
• Green hydrogen locally admixing … field upgrades required depending on the hydrogen content and will be available
• Green hydrogen as part of pipeline gas … field upgrades could be required above 5%(v) and will be available
• Pure green hydrogen … field upgrades required and will be available
It is important to recognize that, while Jenbacher gas engines initially may be installed for operating on natural gas, they can be converted to run on a variety of alternative fuels.
Green gas cogeneration and >90% fuel utilization
Jenbacher gas engines can achieve 90% and more fuel utilization when installed as CHP applications. This typically use about 30% less primary energy compared to the separate generation of power and heat.
As renewable fuels are more expensive than natural gas and there is a scarcity in availability, it is even more important that we reduce primary energy input as much as possible. Combined with the installation of heat storages systems, gas engine CHP plants can operate very flexibly. Gas engines CHP plants are therefore a dispatchable renewable energy source (dRES), and an ideal complement to volatile RES such as wind and solar.
As states, cities and businesses across the United States look for ways to reduce the carbon intensity of their electricity supply, using hydrogen and other e-fuels in reciprocating engines can be an innovative and effective strategy. E-fuels such as biogas, landfill gas and syngas have helped INNIO Jenbacher and NES-WES develop the capabilities and experience to utilize non-natural gas fuels to provide dispatchable and renewable power. Now both INNIO Jenbacher and NES-WES are seeking engineers, developers and end users interested in using our technology to develop distributed power projects based on hydrogen power in the United States.
Jenbacher gas engines are an excellent technology providing affordable distributed power and heat with high fuel utilization rates above 90% and running on a wide range of carbon free or carbon neutral fuels making them a dispatchable renewable energy source.
A predictable roadmap is needed to provide a reliable framework for technology development and for creating the necessary trust for investors. Such a roadmap should include targets for replacing shares of the fossil gas supply with renewable gases. These targets, similar to the renewable electricity target should be accompanied by national plans detailing how to achieve them. In parallel, technical standards and regulatory frameworks must be adjusted and synchronized with the implementation roadmap in due time. It is important to avoid early adaption of standards and frameworks such as for natural gas / hydrogen mixtures in pipeline gas long before they become available, because this would lead to unnecessary high costs and less energy efficiency.
Interested in e-fuels for your power generation projects? Together with our distributor Northeast-Western Energy Systems our experts we will share our in-depth understanding and experience with these fuel types and help you to decide how they can help you during the webinar.
Register for this free webinar today!
Senior Product Manager – INNIO Jenbacher
Martin Schneider is a Senior Product Manager for the INNIO Jenbacher gas engine platform Type 2, Type 3 and Type 4 covering the power range from 300kW to 1,500kW.
Before his career within INNIO Martin Schneider has worked as design engineer for the automotive industry in Munich for 9 years from 1984 – 1993.
In 1994, Martin joined today´s INNIO Jenbacher gas engine business in Austria and hold different functions such as Product Management Leader and Marketing Program Management Leader.
Martin holds a degree in Mechanical Engineering and Economics, both from the Technical University in Munich, Germany.
Vice President Product Support Operations and Sales Northeast Energy Systems
Dr. Klaus Payrhuber,
Strategic Product Development - INNIO Jenbacher
Dr. Klaus Payrhuber has worked in the Power Generation industry since 1998, and for INNIO Jenbacher since 2009, where he currently holds a marketing manager position. In this role he is focused on positioning reciprocating engines in the various segments of power generation and its applications. Klaus is also responsible for strategic product developments.
Key Learning Objectives
- Discover INNIO´s product portfolio and it´s cleaner, faster energy solutions with e-fuels
- Learn about partnering with Northeast-Western Energy Systems on pilot projects using e-fuels
- Engage with the thought leaders in e-fuel generated power
- Facilities Manager
- Sustainability Leader
- Head of Engineering